All You Want to Learn About Hydraulic Fittings and Adapters

Web Desk event Apr 28 2022 9:32AM visibility 479
All You Want to Learn About Hydraulic Fittings and Adapters

A hydraulic system contains different components such as a reservoir, pump, motor, valves, cylinders, accumulators, etc… These components need to be interconnected to let the pressurized fluid flow through the system. Pipes, hoses, or tubes are most commonly used to connect these components with each other. Among these, hoses are most commonly used to reduce the overall design compact and flexible. But, these connections need to be configured properly and securely with the help of fittings and adapters. More details about hydraulic fittings and adapters are mentioned in this blog.

Do hydraulic fittings and adapters offer the same functions? If not, what are their differences? The basic functions performed by fittings and adapters are almost the same. Hydraulic fittings in the system can ensure the safe flow of fluid through the system by eliminating the risk of oil leaks and pressure fluctuations. The fittings can also change the direction of flow and split the flow. The only difference is, that adapters help to connect different thread sizes or forms together. Adaptors also help to meet several standards such as JIC, NPT, Metric, and SAE.

What are the most important parameters that need to be considered while selecting the right fitting or adapter? The security of the connection, pressure rating, compatibility with the working environment, temperature, availability, and vibration are key factors that need to be considered while component selection. If you have made a wrong decision, leakage will be the most important issue associated with it.

Next, we can discuss different types of hydraulic fittings and adapters.

Now, what are the different hydraulic fittings and adapters available? Different types of hydraulic fittings and adapters are available, to suit the machine requirements. These will differ based on connection types, port connections, construction material, sealing method, mechanical joint or mated angle, thread size, etc… It can be again categorized into permanent and reusable. Permanent attachments require a crimping machine to attach the fitting/adapter with the hose. Whereas, reusable fittings will use a wrench and a vice for attaching the hose.

The next is categorizing based on the material of construction. In the case of adapters and fittings, the most common materials used are aluminum, steel, stainless steel, brass, and cast iron. Thermoplastic materials (Polypropylene (PP), Polysulfone) are also suitable materials for the construction of these components, because of the high corrosion resistance.

Then, what are adapters in hydraulic systems? As mentioned earlier, adapters have similar features of fittings except, that it helps to connect different thread sizes or forms together. Adapters can have different configurations such as male to male, female to female, or male to female. Also, it can be straight, cross, or bent at different angles. The adapters in the hydraulic circuits can be used for changing a thread type to another, enlarging or reducing the size of the connection, connecting two hose lines into a single port, simplifying orientation, and eliminating the stress on ports and couplings.


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